School Nursing Practice/Standards of Care
“School nursing is a specialized practice of professional nursing that advances the well-being, academic success, and life-long achievement of students. To that end, school nurses facilitate positive student responses to normal development; promote health and safety; intervene with actual and potential health problems; provide case management services; and actively collaborate with others to build student and family capacity for adaptation, self management, self advocacy and learning.”
–NASN, Rhode Island , 1999.
By age five, most children are spending more time in school than in any other activity. This makes the school nurse a primary resource in recognizing and managing children’s health problems. School nurses have the professional education and expertise to function successfully in the separate complete systems of education and health care.
Optimal learning requires good emotional and physical health. The school nurse is committed to each child’s individual development and safety.
The school nurse:
- serves as the child’s advocate
- conducts health screenings
- provides specialized health care and services
- assesses and evaluates individual growth and development
- monitors student’s immunizations
- acts as a resource for faculty, parents and students
- provides individual health counseling to service emotional and physical health needs
- identifies and refers possible pediatric and adolescent health problems for early diagnosis and treatment
- evaluates and monitors communicable diseases and implements strategies to prevent the spread of disease in the school
- conducts health related classroom instruction
- acts as special education team member for children with special needs
- serves as a liaison with parents, physicians, community agencies and support groups to provide medical care and assistance to families in need
- provides educational and promotional activities for the future healthy lifestyles of students